Rug and Carpet Glossary

Trade terms you need to know

Abrash/strie

Natural color variation in hand-dyed rugs. It's usually caused by slight variations in the natural dye lots. Abrash or strie (think striations) are considered pleasing by many. They are unique qualities of a hand-made rug. Hence, the condition is often emphasized on purpose.

Area rug

Covers only part of the room's floor.

Binding

A tape that protects the edges of rugs, generally sewn on by a special heavy-duty machine. 

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Example of binding on a rug. The corner binding is mitered.

Rug with mitered binding

 

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Rug with folded binding.

Rug with folded binding

Blocking a rug

Sometimes a rug comes off the loom out of kilter. It doesn't look square. We attach it to a clean surface with its angles absolutely true. The rug adapts and becomes plumb.

Carpet

Also referred to as broad loom. Wall-to-wall.

  • Tufted Carpet
    Fibers or loops are inserted into the carpet backing and glued into place. About 95 percent of commercial carpeting is tufted.

  • Woven Carpet
    Higher quality, generally made of wool. Threads are woven into the backing. Longer manufacturing process resulting in higher cost.

Clipped corner

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A rug with the corner clipped off to accommodate a variation in the room or design.

The corner of the rug clipped to accommodate a variation in the room or a design.

Cut/loop/cut

Mixture of loop pile or cut pile for pattern repeat.

Dog defenses

Several options. Here are our latest pet accident remedies.

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Ryder, delightful, well-meaning cockapoo.

Ryder, Adorable Cockapoo

Fabricated rugs (Fab rugs)

Area rugs cut and custom fabricated from carpet material. Specified sizes will be exact. See our Fabricated Rugs Cheat Sheet for more.

Faux silk 

Viscose, bamboo silk, tencel combo and others. Gives a silky sheen like real silk. Has durability issues. Not appropriate for high-traffic floors. See Faux Silk and When to Use It.

Hand-loomed

Woven on a loom by hand. Weft strands guided through the warp strands by hand. Hand Loomed Carpet - What It Can Do

Hand-tufted

Yarn is inserted into the rug foundation by hand using a special tool. When to Use a Tufted Rug

Hand-knotted

Weaver knots the yarn to the rug foundation by hand.

Loop/tip shear

Slight variation in the surface of the carpet. Some sheared, some not. Produces a textural pattern.

Measurement, industry standards

The width comes first in flooring measurements! For example, a rug is 9 X12; a hall is 6 x 20, hall runner 4 X 20, etc. The block below is 8 X 10. 

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Block 8 X 10 illustrating best measuring designation practice.

This block is 8 feet by 10 feet. 8 x 10.

Measurement, hand-knotted rugs

Standard sizes almost never are that size. For example, 9 x 12 is rarely exactly 9 X 12. It's wise to double check the real size to make sure it fits your design.

Natural Fiber Rug

Generally refers to sisal, sea grass, and jute. They confer a natural look and are a renewable resource. Popular with designers as a practical neutral base. See this natural fiber guide.

Wool is also a natural fiber and is in a class by itself. See more about wool here.

Abaca and nettle are also natural fibers, but are not used often.

Nylon/polyester/polypropylene

Synthetic fibers used in carpets.

Pad

A sheet of material between the floor and your rug. It helps absorb traffic on the rug, keeps the rug from slipping, and dampens sound.

Pet Protect

Several options. Here are our latest pet accident remedies.

Rug

Same as area rug.

Serging

A technique to protect and preserve the edges of a rug. Continuous yarn is wrapped around the edge of the rug for a snug, attractive look.

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Example of hand serging.

Hand serging

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Example of machine serging.

Machine serging

Sprouting/pop-ups

Little strands of yarn pop up through the top of the pile and can look like your rug is sprouting bits of yarn. It's a normal event in the young life of a hand-knotted rug.

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Example of popups (sprouting) on a new hand-knotted rug.

Popups (sprouting)

 

Upholstered vs waterfall

Two techniques for installing stair runners. With an upholstered stair runner, the rug is tacked to the underside of the tread lip. In a waterfall installation, the rug flows over the lip of the tread, like a waterfall. See examples here.

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Example of upholstered stair runner

Upholstered stair runner

 

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Stair runner applied using the waterfall technique.

Waterfall stair runner


Vegetable dye

Developed from plants. Natural and desirable, but unstable and inconsistent. Not used much anymore in hand-knotted rugs. Most current dyes are zinc-based.

Warp

The vertical strands in woven fabric, including rugs.

Weft

The horizontal strands in woven fabric. Think, "weft to right."

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Illustration of warp and weft strands in fiber.

Wool

King of fibers. Beautiful and durable. Read about wool's advantages here.

 

pattern repeat seaming and edges. area all inside

 

Closeouts

Tampa

This rug is 9 x 12

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HAND-KNOTTED RUG. FLOWER-SETANA P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL SIZE 9 X1 2

55-CYPRESS

OBEETEE  #8155227  
CYPRESS  GREEN  
8'9"X11'6"  OR  100.63  S/F

DESIGNER NET $7044
CLOSE OUT $2500

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HAND-KNOTTED RUG. FLOWER-SETANA810 P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL SIZE 8 X 10

DETAIL20-FLOWER-SETANA

P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA
COLOR GREEN BLACK
100 KNOT NEPAL
SIZE 9 X1 2

DESIGNER NET $5400
CLOSE OUT $2000

 

Orlando

This rug, same design as above, is 8 x 10.

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HAND-KNOTTED RUG. FLOWER-SETANA P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL SIZE 9 X1 2

20-FLOWER-SETANA 810
P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA
COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL
SIZE 8 X 10

DESIGNER NT $4000
CLOSE OUT$1500

Image
HAND-KNOTTED RUG. FLOWER-SETANA810 P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL SIZE 8 X 10

DETAIL OF

20-FLOWER-SETANA 810
P.K STYLE FLOWER SETANA
COLOR GREEN BLACK 100 KNOT NEPAL
SIZE 8 X 10


DESIGNER NT $4000
CLOSE OUT$1500
 

Addison/Dicus & Bailey Close Out Policy

The best way to find out about our latest closeout is to subscribe to our newsletter.
You must have an account with Addison/Dicus & Bailey to buy one of these rugs.
The closeout offers will begin when we send the newsletter between the 20th and 30th of each month and last for 30 days.
No returns. No showings in homes.
Rugs can be picked up at the showroom, or we can arrange for home delivery and set up for an extra charge.
These are individual pieces in one size in one color.
First come, first serve.
Don't worry about storage wrinkles. We will steam them out.

 

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